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    語言學習-教育ABC

    本單元有「教育ABC」 及「閱讀越懂閩客語」兩小單元,每周由專業的老師提供英語單字、造句及閩客語的字彙及文章,供讀者學習新語言。

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    Offset(動詞)抵銷

    Recently, cotton bags have become a means for brands, retailers and supermarkets to convey a planet-friendly mindset with their customers. However, they are not as earth friendly as people expected. Actually, embracing cotton totes wholeheartedly may have created a new problem. “Cotton is very water intensive,” said Travis Wagner, an environmental science professor at the University of Maine. According to a 2018 study by the Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark, an organic cotton tote needs to be used 20,000 times to offset its overall impact of production. That equates to daily use for 54 years — for just one bag.

    近年來,使用棉布環保袋儼然成為品牌、零售商和超市傳達給消費者,他們對地球友好態度的一種方式。然而,環保袋真的這麼環保嗎? 答案可能和大家的想像不同。全心全意地提倡使用環保袋可能帶來另一個新的問題。「棉花非常耗水」緬因大學環境科學系教授說。根據丹麥環境和食品部2018年的一項研究,一個有機棉環保袋須被使用兩萬次才能抵銷生產它所產生的整體影響。這相當於每天都要使用同一個袋子,長達54年,才能抵銷產生它造成的環境影響。

     

    Compost(名詞)堆肥

    Also, figuring out how to dispose of a tote in an environmentally low-impact way is not as simple as people think. For example, you can’t just put a tote in a compost bin and it’s hard to find a municipal compost that will accept textiles. Even when a tote does make it to a treatment plant, most dyes used to print logos onto them are PVC-based and thus not recyclable and are extremely difficult to break down chemically. The cotton tote dilemma is a good example of unintended consequences of people trying to make positive choices, and not understanding the full landscape.

    另外,要弄清楚如何以對環境傷害較小的方式,丟棄環保袋,也不如人們想像的那麼簡單。例如,你就不能把環保袋直接放入堆肥箱中。而且要找到願意接受紡織品的城市堆肥也非常不容易。即使環保袋真的被送進處理場,大多數用來印製袋子商標的染料也是PVC為基底製作的,因此無法回收,也難以用化學方式去分解。棉布環保袋的兩難困境是一個好例子,說明人們試圖做出對環境積極的選擇,卻因沒有了解整體情況,導致了意想不到的後果。

                                                                (本單元由臺北市立景美女中陳如慧老師提供)


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