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    語言學習-教育ABC

    本單元有「教育ABC」 及「閱讀越懂閩客語」兩小單元,每周由專業的老師提供英語單字、造句及閩客語的字彙及文章,供讀者學習新語言。

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    9722021-05-13

    friction(名詞)摩擦

    The rocket, a Long March 5B, was launched on April 29, carrying the living quarters of China’s next space station, Tiangong. The large booster stages of the rocket, however, didn’t immediately drop back to Earch after they are jettisoned. This 23-ton core stage of the Long March 5B accompanied the space station segment all the way to orbit. Friction caused by the rocket rubbing against the top of the atmostphere caused it to lose altitude, making “uncontrolled re-entry” back to Earth inevitable.

    四月二十九日,長征5B運載火箭將中國下一個太空站「天宮」主體送進太空。然而,運載火箭的大型助推器在與火箭分離後,並未立刻墜落地球,而是與太空站主體一起進入了軌道。這23噸重的火箭殘骸重返大氣層時,因與大氣層頂端空氣摩擦產生阻力,失去其高度,而無可避免地在失控情況下重返地球。

    debris(名詞)殘骸

    China’s space administration later announced that the debris from the rocket landed in the Indian Ocean near Maldives last Sunday morning. Though unlikely, the odds that debris from the rocket could strike a populated area are still high enough to be of concern, leading people around the world to track its trajectory for days.

    中國航太工程辦公室隨後宣布,火箭殘骸上週日凌晨已墜落馬爾地夫群島附近的印度洋。雖然殘骸落在人口密集地區的可能性很小,但這幾天已讓世界各地的人們擔憂不已,不斷在追蹤其軌道。

    rebuke(名詞)指責

    Bill Nelson, the administrator of NASA, issued an unusual rebuke after China’s announcement, accusing it of “failing to meet responsible standards regarding their space debris.” The launch last week was the first of 11 planned over the coming year and a half to erect the Tiangong. More launches of the Long March 5B are coming, and unless there is a change of operation from China, the odds that someone will be hurt of a falling booster will definitely grow.

    美國太空總署局長Bill Nelson在中國宣布此一消息後,發出一個不尋常的指責聲明,批評中國在處理自己的太空垃圾方面未達負責任的標準。為了運送「天宮」航空站,在接下來的一年半內,中國預計將有十一次的發射計畫,而上周的發射是其中的第一次。除非中國改變其操作模式,否則遲早有人會被空中墜落的火箭殘骸打中。

                                                                 (本單元由臺北市立景美女中陳如慧老師提供)


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