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    9262020-06-18

    liaison office(名詞)聯絡辦公室

    As a counterattack against human rights activists distributing propaganda leaflets over the border into the North, North Korea blew up the Inter-Korean Liaison Office this Tuesday, further raising cross-border tensions on the peninsula. A loud explosion could be heard from the South Korean side of the border. The liaison office had been set up as part of the Panmunjom Declaration, signed by leaders of both sides in April, 2018. The office had effectively served as the focus of communication between the two governments and its destruction signifies the North is now pushing ahead with “cutting off all communication liaison lines between the North and South.”

    人權團體將反平壤政權文宣傳單,乘著氣球發送到北韓領土上,此舉激怒北韓政局,在連日痛斥南韓縱容脫北者團體空頭文宣後,北韓於周二炸毀位於開成的兩韓聯絡辦公室作為反擊,將朝鮮半島緊張局勢拉高。當時在邊境區的南韓境內,可清楚聽見爆炸巨響。這聯絡辦公室是2018年4月時,由南北韓兩邊領導人在板門店簽署的《板門店宣言》後同年9月成立,成為兩韓之間第一個面對面接觸的溝通管道。北韓將聯絡辦公室摧毀具有高度象徵意涵,北韓朝全面切斷與南韓的溝通進一步逼近。

    belligerent(形容詞)好戰的;好鬥的

    Experts on the relationships of the Korean peninsula assume that more belligerent actions will be taken from now by Kim’s regime to test the South’s resolve and defenses. Leonid Petrov, a professor of Korean Studies, says “By blowing up the liaison office, the North is saying that there is no need to communicate with the South anymore. I suspect they may soon start testing weapons again, and even possibly nuclear warheads.”

    研究朝鮮半島關係的專家們指出,金正恩政府將會做出更多挑釁舉動來測試南韓的防禦底線。長期專注兩韓議題的Leonid Petrov教授指出,炸掉聯絡辦公室顯示北韓不想再與南韓對話,他們甚至有可能重啟核武測試。

    reiterate(動詞)重申

    South Korean convened an emergency meeting on Tuesday afternoon, with troops ordered to step up surveillance of the North, getting prepared for further provocations in the tense border area. The South Korean government has reiterated that it intends to stand by the terms of the agreement and has called on Pyongyang to do the same.

    南韓總統文在寅也於周二下午緊急召開國安會議因應,同時南韓軍方也加緊戒備,以因應邊境可能發生的意外衝突。南韓青瓦臺重申其恪守之前簽訂的和平協議,也呼籲北韓同樣應該這麼做。

    rally-round-the-flag effect(名詞)聚旗效應

    Daniel Pinkston, a professor of international relations at the Seoul campus of Troy University believes that the North’s new-found bellicosity is for domestic consumption, adding that this act from Kim’s regime may be a rally-round-the-flag effort, presenting the North Korean population with external enemies and tensions to deflect the discontent from internal food shortages and falling living standards.

    Troy大學國際關係教授Daniel Pinkston則相信此舉可能是北韓利用挑釁行為來轉移民眾注意力,而達到旗聚效應的做法。刻意製造國家共同對外敵人及緊張氣氛,來轉移國內對糧食不足及低落生活水平的不滿。

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