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    語言學習-教育ABC

    本單元有「教育ABC」 及「閱讀越懂閩客語」兩小單元,每周由專業的老師提供英語單字、造句及閩客語的字彙及文章,供讀者學習新語言。

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    9122020-03-12

    outbreak(名詞)(疾病) 爆發

    With the number of coronavirus cases increasing across the world, the health authorities in every country are working on how to prevent further outbreak within their countries. The primary step they take is to inform the individual whose test has come back positive and transfer that individual to a specialist infectious diseases unit where they can receive the best care.

    隨著新冠狀病毒感染病例數量全球上升,各國衛生單位無不努力防堵疫情繼續升溫。首要採取的步驟是通知病毒篩檢呈陽性的個案,將之轉入醫院專門處理感染的病房,使其受到良好治療。

    psychological(形容詞)心理的;精神的

    With overwhelming demand comes inevitable price gouging. The price of top-selling mask product, a 100-pack of Universal 4533 sanitary dust masks, originally at $8, rose over $200. “It’s a psychological thing,” said Dr. William Schaffner, “The coronavirus is coming, and we feel rather helpless. By getting masks and wearing them, we move the locus of control somewhat to ourselves.”

    因應對口罩巨量的需求,隨之而來的是無法避免的價格高漲。目前最夯的熱賣產品,100片裝衛生防塵口罩,原售價八美金,目前價格已被哄抬至兩百美金。William Schaffner醫師說,「這完全是心理因素,新型冠狀病毒來勢洶洶,大家覺得無力抵抗,藉著購買囤積口罩,人們認為可以將主導權轉到自己手裡。」

    exploit(動詞)利用;利用…而自肥

    As panic over the novel coronavirus is hitting a fever pitch around the world, people are buying masks and respirators in bulk. The mask boom has also prompted sellers to jack up prices and exploit demand. American CDC Director Robert Redfield said, “We healthy people shouldn’t wear masks because they won’t protect us from the novel coronavirus. But medical workers who treat patients with novel coronavirus do need them. It’s crucial that those supplies don’t run out.”

    隨著對新型冠狀病毒的恐慌上升,人們開始大量購買口罩。對口罩的大量需求也使得廠商將將價格提高,利用人們的高度需求而自肥。美國疾病管制及預防中心主任Robert Redfield表示,「我們健康的人其實不需要戴口罩,因為就算帶了,也無法保護我們不受新型冠狀病毒感染。但第一線醫療工作人員需要,因為他們首當其衝與受感染病患接觸。我們必須確保他們的口罩供應充足。」

                                                                  (本單元由臺北市立景美女中陳如慧老師提供)

     


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