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    語言學習-教育ABC

    本單元有「教育ABC」 及「閱讀越懂閩客語」兩小單元,每周由專業的老師提供英語單字、造句及閩客語的字彙及文章,供讀者學習新語言。

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    8842019-08-22

    vibrio vulnificus(名詞)海洋弧菌

    Vibrio vulnificus infection is a flesh-eating bacterial infection spread by handling or eating contaminated seafood. Significant increases in sea surface temperatures may lead to changes in the “quantity, distribution, and seasonal windows of bacteria” in the coastal ecosystem favorable for Vibrio, noted a study published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

    海洋弧菌感染指的是一種經由碰觸受汙染海水或吃進感染的海鮮,而導致的皮膚潰爛的感染。「因為氣候變遷造成的海洋暖化可能導致細菌的數量、分布更加擴散,或形成有利弧菌的環境。」這項警告來自一篇發表在內科醫學年鑑上的研究。

    skin graft(名詞)皮膚移植

    Infected patients may have symptoms including vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. When people with a compromised immune system are infected, the bacteria can infect the bloodstream, causing a severe and life-threatening illness. A case of a 46-year-old man complained of a swollen left leg two days after he injured himself while crabbing. His skin and blood cultures verified a Vibrio infection and his oozing blisters on his calf led doctors to remove connective tissue and then perform grafts.

    受感染的病人通常會出現嘔吐、腹瀉及腹痛等症狀。當免疫系統較差的人受感染後,細菌可能會侵入其血液系統內,造成嚴重危及生命的疾病。一位46歲的患者在海邊捕蟹受傷兩天後,抱怨左腳紅腫。他的皮膚及血液檢體顯示他感染了海洋弧菌,左腳的水泡讓醫師不得不緊急動手術移除壞死組織,並大面積換膚修補傷口。

    infection(名詞)感染

    Though now it is difficult to build a real strong case that flesh-eating bacteria are moving north due to global warming based on limited patient reports, it is suggestive that water temperatures indeed create favorable condition for Vibrio. Researchers advise everyone to thoroughly cook shellfish before eating and avoid contacting brackish waters when they have cuts, sores or broken skin. Any signs of infection after spending time in the water should seek medical attention as early as possible.

    雖然根據幾起病例,目前很難判定海洋弧菌的感染案例向北遷移,是由於氣候變化導致海水溫度上升造成的結果,但海水溫暖的確造就了有利海洋弧菌的環境。研究專家們建議食用海鮮時務必煮熟,在身體有傷口時避免接觸海水。有任何可能的感染徵兆發生時,要即刻就醫,以免造成憾事。

                                                                       (本單元由臺北市立景美女中陳如慧老師提供)


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